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Psychology 

The following notes on psychology have been created in accordance to the British A-Level system taking into consideration the Edexcel specification. The notes cover both Year 1 (AS Level) as well as Year 2 (A-Level).
The notes cover the following topics: 

Social Psychology

Part 1 - Obedience:

  • Agency Theory

  • Social Impact Theory

  • Milgram’s Baseline Study

  • Milgram’s Variation Studies

Part 2 - Factors Affecting Obedience and Dissent:

  • Individual Differences (Personality and Gender)

  • Situation and Culture

Part 3 - Prejudice:

  • Social Identity Theory

  • Realistic Conflict Theory

Part 4 - Factors Affecting Prejudice:

  • Individual Difference (Personality) 

  • Situation and Culture

Part 5 - Studies:

  • Classic Study: Sherif et al. (1954/1961)

  • Contemporary Study: Burger (2009) 

 

Cognitive Psychology:

Part 1 - Memory:

  • The Working Memory Model

  • The Multi-Store Model of Memory

  • Explanation of Long-Term Memory

  • Reconstructive Memory

Part 2 - Studies:

  • Classic Study: Baddeley (1966b) 

  • Contemporary Study: Schmolck et al. (2002) 

 

Biological Psychology

Part 1 - Content:

  • The Central Nervous System and Human Behaviour

  • Neurons, Synaptic Transmission and Neurotransmitters

  • Effects of Recreational Drugs

  • The Structure of the Brain and Aggression

  • Evolution, Natural Selection, and Aggression

  • Freud’s Psychodynamic Explanation of Aggression

  • Role of Hormones in Human Behaviour

Part 2 - Studies:

  • Classic Study: Raine et al. (1997) 

  • Contemporary: Brendgen et al. (2005) 

Learning Theories

Part 1 - Conditioning:

  • Classical Conditioning – The Main Features

  • Pavlov (1997) 

  • Operant Conditioning – The Main Features

  • Reinforcement and Behaviour Modification

  • Social Learning Theory – The Main Features

  • Bandura et al. (1961) 

  • Bandura et al. (1963, 1965) 

Part 2 - Phobias:

  • Learning Theories as Explanations of Phobias

  • Treatments based on Phobias

Part 3 - Studies:

  • Classic Study: Watson and Rayner (1920)

  • Contemporary Study: Becker et al. (2002)

 

Clinical Psychology

Part 1 - Diagnoses and Classification:

  • Diagnosis of Mental Disorders

  • Classification Systems: The DSM

  • Classification Systems: The ICD

Part 2 - Schizophrenia:

  • Symptoms and Features

  • Neurotransmitters as an Explanation

  • One Other Biological Explanation

  • One Non-Biological Explanation

  • One Biological Treatment

  • One Non-biological Treatment

Part 3 - Studies:

  • Classic Study: Rosenhan (1973)

  • Contemporary Study: Carlsson et al. (2000)

Part 4 - Anorexia Nervosa:

  • Symptoms and Features

  • One Biological Explanation

  • One Non-Biological Explanation

  • One Biological Treatment

  • One Non-Biological Treatment

Part 5 - Studies:

  • Contemporary Study: Guardia et al. (2012)

 

Criminological Psychology

Part 1 – Explanations of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour:

  • Biological Explanations

  • Personality

  • Social Explanations

Part 2 – Understanding the Offender, Offence Analysis and Case Formulation:

  • Cognitive Interview and Ethical Interview Techniques

  • The use of Psychological Formulation

Part 3 – Treatments for Offenders:

  • Cognitive-Behavioural Treatment

  • Biological Treatment

Part 4 – Factors:

  • Factors Influencing EWT: Reliability

  • Factors Influencing Jury Decisions-Making

Part 5 – Studies:

  • Classic Study: Loftus and Palmer (1974)

  • Contemporary Study: Valentine & Mesout (2009)

Files

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Edexcel Psychology A-Level Specification 

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The official Edexcel A-Level psychology specification of what you should need to know for your exam at the end of the two years.

Edexcel Psychology A-Level Content 

A neatly organised content page that can be ticked as you go along containing all of the topics that can be seen above. 

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2022 Edexcel Psychology A-level Advanced Information Break-Down 

This is a breakdown version of the advanced information offered by Edexcel for the 2022 examinations psychology A-Level.  

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